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Monumenta Linguae Raeticae

NEWS

The 9 September the book has been presented in Jaca (Spain) on the occasion of the international meeting of the COST action: Ancient European Languages And Writings (AELAW).
On March 2015 Monumenta Linguae Raeticae has been published by the Editor Scienze e Lettere in Rom.

ON THE PROJECT

The Monumenta Linguae Raeticae is a multidisciplinary research project devoted to the collection and publication of all Rhaetic iscriptions, published and not yet published.
Scientific Committee
Simona Marchesini, Carlo de Simone, Rosa Roncador, Vittorio Dell’Aquila.
In collaboration with Mara Migliavacca.
Project begin: January 2012
Monumenta Linguae Raeticae – Project structure
Project coordinator Simona Marchesini
Linguists Simona Marchesini, Carlo de Simone, Vittorio Dell’Aquila
Archaeologist Rosa Roncador
Database Simona Marchesini, Vittorio Dell’Aquila
Historical and linguistic frame
Recent discovery of written documents from the ancient Raetia (Rhaetic is – so far as we can say today – an agglutinant relic language, ca. 290 inscription, spread from the 5th to the 1st century B.C. in North Italy: Trentino, South- and North-Tirol, Engadin Valley and part of Northern/Western Veneto; see de Simone, Marchesini 2013) and from Ephestia in Lemnos (“Tyrrhenic language”, few but significant inscriptions from Lemnos, among them the well-known “Lemnos-Stele”: see de Simone 2011) confirm with new linguistic evidence the deep relationship between Rhaetic, Tyrrhenic and the Etruscan language. This relationship had first been argued in the ’90 by H. Rix and S. Schumacher (Rix 1998; Schumacher 1992 [2004] and 1999) and can be now better described thanks to an increased linguistic corpus.
The genealogical affinity among the three languages can be based on systematic and structural correspondence of phonological, morphological, syntactic and typological items. The reconstructed outline offers a new, assured argument to the reconstruction of the pre- and proto-historical European frame, to which recent data (Achilli et alii 2007, Ghirotto et alii 2013) on the Etruscan genetic pool bring new matter for the scientific discussion.
The aim of the project “Monumenta Linguae Raeticae” ist to collect all Rhaetic iscriptions known until now in order to publish them in a book, furnished with topographical information for each site, epigraphic description, images or/and apographs.
For further information please contact s.marchesini@alteritas.it.
Bibliography:
  • Marchesini S., Über die rätische Inschrift aus Pfatten/Vadena im Tiroler Landesmusem Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, Wissenschaftliches Jahrbuch der Tiroler Landesmuseum 2014, pp. 202-217.
  • Marchesini S., Nuove iscrizioni retiche da Cles e Sanzeno (TN), in Antichi Popoli delle Alpi. Sviluppi culturali durante l’età del Ferro nei territori alpini centro-orientali, Atti del Conveno, Sanzeno 2010, Soprintendenza ai Beni Archeologii della Provincia Autonoma di Trento, Ed. Rosa Roncador e Franco Nicolis, Trento 2014, pp. 127-144.
  • Marchesini S., I rapporti etrusco/retico-italici nella prima Italia alla luce dei dati linguistici: il caso della “mozione” etrusca, Rivista Storica dell’Antichità 43, 2013, pp. 9:31.
  • de Simone C., Marchesini S. 2013: La lamina di Demlfeld, Roma-Pisa 2013 (= Mediterranea, Suppl. 8). With contributions of W. Tomedi, S. Hye, R. Blecha, U. Töchterle, P. Anreiter, S. Marchesini, C. de Simone.
  • Ghirotto et alii 2013: Ghirotto S., Tassi F., Fumagalli E., Colonna V., Sandionigi A., Lari M., Vai S., Petiti E., Corti G., Rizzi E., De Bellis G., Caramelli D., Barbujani G., Origins and Evolution of the Etruscan’s mtDNA, PlosOne, 8,2, 2013, pp. 1-11.
  • Achilli et Alii 2011: Achilli A., Olivieri A., Pala M., Metspalu E., Fornarino S., Battaglia V., Accetturo M., Kutuev I., Khusnutdinova E., Pennarun E., Cerutti N., Di Gaetano C., Crobu F., Palli D., Matullo G., Santachiara-Benerecetti A.S., Cavalli-Sforza L.L., Semino O., Villems R., Bandelt H.-J., Piazza A. and A. Torroni, Mitochondrial DNA Variation of Modern Tuscans Supports the Near Estern Origin of Etruscans, American Journal of Human Genetics, 8 apr., 2007, pp. 759- 768.
  • de Simone C. 2011: La nuova iscrizione tirsenica di Efestia, in A. Archontidou, C. de Simone, E. Greco (Eds.), Gli scavi di Ephestia e la nuova iscrizione ‘tirsenica’, Tripodes 11, 2009, pp. 3-58.
  • Rix H. 1998: Rätisch und Etruskisch, Innsbruck 1998.
  • Schumacher S. 1999: Die Rätischen Inschriften: Gegenwärtiger Forschungsstand, spezifische Probleme und Zukunfstaussichten, in G. Ciurletti – F. Marzatico (Eds), I Reti / Die Räter, Atti del simposio 23-25 settembre 1993, Castello di Stenico, Trento, Archeologia delle Alpi (Archeoalp) 5 (1999), 1998, pp. 334-369.
  • Schumacher S. 1992: Rätische Inschriften, Innsbruck 1992; neue Auflage 2004.